Vitamin C contributes to the normal function of the immune system and the protection of cells from oxidative stress.
Echinacea can promote the body's normal defenses and the functions of the upper respiratory tract.
Mallow is useful for the fluidity of bronchial secretions, performing an emollient and soothing action on the oropharyngeal mucosa and promotes the tone of the voice.
Acetylcysteine is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine. It has an antioxidant and mucolytic activity. The mucolytic activity of acetylcysteine is probably due to its ability to break down the disulfide bridges typical of many proteins present in the mucus and this due to the presence in the molecule of a free thiol group (-SH) capable of interacting with these bonds responsible for the aggregation of proteins and therefore the high viscosity of the mucus. As a result of the reduction of disulfide bridges, the glycoprotein molecules are split into smaller units with a lower viscosity whereby the rheological characteristics are modified, thus making expectoration easier.
The effects of Propolis include inhibition of the motility of bacteria and the activity of their enzymes, a bacteriostatic effect and, at high concentrations, a bactericidal action. Antimicrobial activity is related to the concentration of the active ingredients contained in it. It contains resins (acids and aldehydes), essential oils (those of the plants from which the bees derived the pollen), pollen, minerals and vitamins. There is scientific research supporting the evidence and tradition that propolis has beneficial antibacterial, antifungal and disinfectant properties.
Bromelain is a complex of two proteolytic enzymes identified in Ananas comosus (family of Bromeliaceae from which the name). It is particularly used in the treatment of inflammatory states. The safety of the use of Bromelain compared to other anti-inflammatories, derives from the difference in its mechanism of action: in fact, where NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase, blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins, Bromelain, on the other hand, increases the production of prostaglandins with anti-inflammatory activity to to the detriment of those with pro-inflammatory activity: in this way the gastrointestinal damage typical of NSAIDs is avoided. The catalytic power of bromelain is expressed in GDU / g; the higher this value, the more powerful the enzyme preparation
* Note Values calculated on a single administration